How Does Cable Internet Work?

Tyler Abbott
Staff Writer, Mobile & Wireless
Read More
Published on December 08, 2020
3 min read

Cable internet service uses the same coaxial cable network as cable television to provide your home with internet.

First, your internet service provider sends a data signal through the coaxial cable, or coax cable, into your home—specifically, to your modem.

The modem then uses an Ethernet cable to connect to your computer or router, which is what gives you access to high-speed internet. If you choose to use a router, you can then broadcast a Wi-Fi signal throughout your home.

Cable internet service providers transmit data between servers using this coaxial cable, and since TV itself takes up only a small portion of the cable’s bandwidth, it leaves room for internet service to work within the same network.

These cable networks stretch all across the country, and there are even undersea cables that reach between water-separated areas. Plus, cable internet can spread speeds evenly among individual users. It also means that if you pay more, you have access to more bandwidth, which means faster speeds.

Here's a quick look at the cable internet providers we recommend the most:

Best cable internet providers
Provider
Monthly price
Download speeds
Connection Type
Learn more
Cox Internet$29.99$109.99*251000 MbpsCable
Spectrum Internet®$69.99$109.994001000 MbpsCable
Suddenlink Internet$24.99$54.9975940 MbpsCable
WOW! Internet$19.99$99.99^1001000 MbpsCable
Xfinity Internet$19.99$94.99°501200 MbpsCable/Fiber
Data effective 10/26/20. Offers and availability vary by location and are subject to change.
* For the first 12 months with a 1-year term agreement.
For the first 12 months.
Plus taxes, fees, and other charges. Price for Life. Customer must remain in good standing and up to date on bill payments to remain on Price For Life.
^ For the first 24 months with a 2-year agreement.
° For the first 12 months. Some packages require a 1- or 2-year contract.

Cable internet definitions

To help wrap your mind around cable internet service, it’s useful to define some of the jargon.

Bandwidth

Your bandwidth is your network’s capacity to transmit data. Think of your coax cable as a tube that transfers data like a hose transfers water. A coax cable can transmit enough data for both TV and internet service. And to get faster speeds, you need to get more bandwidth.

Cable bundle benefits and savings
Money

Most TV and internet providers have better deals when you bundle both services together since both services can work through the same network.

Modem

Back of wireless modem

A modem is an electronic device, usually a box, that receives data from the cable provider’s network and delivers it to the home. The modem can connect directly to a computer or to a router to distribute Wi-Fi.

What’s a DOCSIS modem?
Info Box

A DOCSIS modem means that a modem meets specific technical standards. The acronym stands for “Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification.”

So what does that mean to you? If you buy or rent a newer version of a DOCSIS modem, you can get faster internet speeds.

Network interface card, or NIC

In order to connect your computer to the internet, you also need a network card (sometimes called a “network interface card,” or NIC). These are either plugged into expansion slots on your computer or integrated into the computer already.

A network adapter is the built-in form of a network card, meaning your computer has it integrated without needing an expansion slot.

Ethernet cable

Fingers plugging ethernet cable into back of laptop

An Ethernet cable connects your modem to your computer or router. Ethernet cables can connect other devices directly to the internet (instead of Wi-Fi) for a more reliable signal.

Router

A router is a device that spreads your modem’s direct signal into a Wi-Fi signal. And it can also serve as an Ethernet hub for other devices. Modems and routers can be combined and sold as one unit, often referred to as a gateway.

Mbps (megabits per second)

When it comes to measuring internet speeds, the most common acronym you’ll see is Mbps. It’s how much data (in megabits, or Mb) transfers within one second.

You might also see speed measured in Gbps, or gigabits per second, since cable internet is starting to break into gigabit download speeds. 1 Gbps equals roughly 1,000 Mbps.

What speeds can I get with cable internet?

Cable download speeds range anywhere from 1 Mbps to 1,000 Mbps (1 Gbps). The national average is around 100 Mbps.

Upload speeds aren’t quite the same, though, usually ranging from 1 Mbps to 50 Mbps.

Do you upload photos or videos?
Light Bulb

Slow upload speeds are one limitation of cable internet. The old networks weren’t designed with internet uploads in mind. Providers would have to rebuild with newer cables, but we expect fiber internet (and other new tech) to take over instead.

Cable internet typically has higher connectivity speeds than dial-up or DSL (and those have more limited bandwidth than cable, as well).

What’s the difference between cable and other forms of internet?

Cable, satellite, and fiber-optic internet download speeds are similar to a certain point. But satellite signals are less direct, meaning they can run into interference during transmission.

Fiber speeds can reach above 300 Mbps, even up to 2,000 Mbps, and fiber’s upload speeds can range from 50 Mbps to 2,000 Mbps. Fiber networks are expanding, but they’re still not quite as available as cable internet.

With its direct cables and reliable signal, cable remains a good way for most people to get high-speed internet.

Now that you know more about the best ISPs in the US, check these out next.
Enter your ZIP code to see if this Internet provider is available in your area.

Still looking? Check out the top ranked providers.

Tyler Abbott
Written by
Tyler Abbott
Tyler has been obsessed with watching sports as efficiently as possible since the creation of the DVR. He is always on the lookout for the best tech in TV and wireless so he can watch all the sports and still have enough time to hang out with his baby. He has written about streaming, wireless, and TV for over three years. He hopes the Lakers will eventually get better.

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