5G Home Internet
5G internet uses cellular networks to deliver high-speed internet at a competitive price. Its availability is expanding, thanks to the efforts of companies like T-Mobile and Verizon, but it's not yet accessible everywhere. The advertised range of 5G home internet is between 100 Mbps to 1 Gbps, which is a huge spread. We've never seen anyone get 1 Gbps with 5G yet, but you can definitely expect at least 200 Mbps, which certainly beats satellite internet.
Satellite internet relies on either geostationary (GEO) satellites or low earth orbit (LEO) satellites to transmit internet signals to subscriber dishes on the ground. It provides decent speeds and wide coverage, making it the best choice for folks who live in more rural areas of the country. The downside is that due to the long transmission distance (like, from outer space and back), it may have slower speeds and higher latency.
4G LTE Home Internet
Similar to 5G, 4G LTE Internet uses cellular networks to deliver internet. But where 5G is fast with more limited availability, 4G LTE internet has slower speeds—and much wider availability. Some 4G providers even cater specifically to rural users and digital nomads because of its impressive network coverage.
DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) internet uses your home phone lines to deliver internet connectivity without tying it up like dial-up used to (if you're older than 30, you remember the sound it used to make). DSL's speeds max out at 140 Mbps, which is better than dial-up speeds, but considerably slower than the majority of cable and fiber plans available.
Cable internet connects homes with internet service using the same copper coaxial cable lines used for cable television. Cable delivers internet speeds anywhere from 50Mbps to 1,200 Mbps, and it’s the most widely available land-based internet. Unfortunately, cable lines can be expensive to install, so there are only a few cable providers in rural areas, which makes availability outside of cities more limited.
Instead of using coaxial cables or phone lines, fiber internet transmits internet signals through glass fibers, which can reach speeds up to 10,000 Mbps. Unfortunately, this infrastructure is expensive, so fiber is the least available out of all internet service types; you probably won’t find it outside of big metropolitan areas.